Psychology is the scientific study of thoughts, feelings and behaviours. There are many different approaches to Psychology including investigating Social, Cognitive, Biological and Developmental factors that explain thoughts, feelings and behaviour.
Psychology is predominantly interested in human behaviour; however, animal models are often used in order to conduct research that would otherwise be unethical to do on humans.
About the Curriculum
The curriculum provides a challenging course that requires various different skills including mathematical skills (10% of the exam will be maths-based); scientific skills, whereby the students conduct their own research; analytical skills in evaluating research; and skills in essay-writing (the Applied Psychology exam will be heavily essay-based).
The course consists of three components, with three separate 2-hour exams at the end of the course.
Component 1: Research Methods
Students study the planning, conducting, analysing and reporting of psychological research across a range of experimental and non-experimental methodologies and techniques. They are introduced to and have the opportunity to carry out practical activities and investigations, which illustrate the way psychologists collect data about behaviour and experience and how this data is statistically analysed.
Component 2: Psychological Themes through Cores Studies
Students meet a mixture of classic and more current research papers in Psychology. They discuss the studies and are encouraged to evaluate the techniques and methods used. The topics covered include memory in the context of eye witness testimony, brain function, aggression, and studies of autism. Also included are classic studies into the nature of obedience and an introduction to the work of Freud.
Component 3: Applied Psychology
This unit focuses on criminal and child psychology. Criminal psychology looks at the application of Psychology in understanding why people may turn to crime and applications of psychology to the working of the criminal justice system. Child psychology studies some of the influences on the way children develop from physiological studies of the development of the visual system to the influence of advertising on children.
Students will get the opportunity to develop their independent learning skills as well as working together in groups to conduct research and make oral presentations.
Some approaches used include:
- Student presentation and discussion
- Detailed analysis of psychology case studies, which make up the core of the course and which provide opportunities to evaluate the findings of past researchers and to consider the ethical implications of their methodology.
- Use of recent articles and newspaper cuttings to highlight the continued relevance of Psychology to daily life.
- Use of feature films/clips to illustrate psychological examples, issues and debates
- Encouraging students to carry out guided psychological investigations on accessible topics, to explore and evaluate psychological methodology.
- Provision of background reading to encourage students to engage more widely with issues and ideas not engaged by the teaching specification.
- ICT: Use of electronic resources to facilitate different approaches to the material and to promote individual research skills and presentations.
- To provide regular assessment in a variety of formats to promote effective learning, for example iPads are used to engage pupil interest and also in assessments, i.e. by use of Kahoot.
The course provides many opportunities for differentiation, both by content and by outcome.
- The material is covered in a variety of styles to engage the different learning styles of students.
- Activities are varied to encourage both whole group involvement, others provide opportunities for individual or small group work.
- Students are provided with opportunities for independent research and to present material in ways which reflect their own interests and abilities. Many make effective use of their iPads in this context.
- A study buddy system is encouraged, where students pair up and teach/test each other.
- Students are provided with key study summaries, to assist the less academic to assimilate the material.
Students are encouraged to apply their knowledge of Psychology to current events around the world through additional written assignments throughout the academic year. Examples of recent assignments include analysing recent terror attacks from a psychological point of view and analysing how political parties/newspapers try to create cognitive biases in the general population to influence voting behaviour. These assignments allow the students to take a different perspective of current affairs revealing the motivating forces behind everyday life.
Having a solid foundation in Psychology can be the starting point for a great variety of career opportunities. The topics within the A Level course can be directly linked to specific careers. For instance, the Criminal Psychology topic links to a career as a Criminal Psychologist, Investigative Psychologist or Legal Psychologist. The Issues in Mental Health topic can be directly linked to a career as a Clinical Psychologist, Psychiatrist (Medicine) or Psychiatric Nurse. The Child Psychology topic can be directly linked to a career as an Educational Psychologist or Teacher. A degree in Psychology allows students to branch off into very specific domains, including a career as a Consumer Psychologist, Engineering Psychologist, Health Psychologist, Organisational Psychologist, Military Psychologist, Rehabilitation Psychologist, Spiritual Psychologist or Sports Psychologist to name but a few.